The Department of Health and the World Health Organisation recommend that babies have nothing other than breastmilk for the first 6 months of life, and then continue breastfeeding with complementary foods for up to two years and beyond. Breastfeeding improves the health of mothers and babies and helps to nurture a close and responsive relationship between mother and child. Your breastmilk will adapt to the changing needs of your developing baby.
‘Successful’ breastfeeding may be defined as breastfeeding for as long you as you wish to. Many mothers in the UK experience problems with breastfeeding, and give up earlier than they would have liked. We aim to provide the information, support and encouragement you need to breastfeed for as long as you and your baby would like.
Learning about breastfeeding during pregnancy should help you feel more confident and understand how to avoid or solve common breastfeeding problems.
The following resources are a good introduction to breastfeeding:
- Global Health Media breastfeeding videos which cover how to breastfeed and deal with common problems (in several languages)
- Best Beginnings videos From Bump to Breastfeeding
- NHS Start4Life leaflet Off to the Best Start about breastfeeding.
Is your baby getting enough milk?
When you breastfeed you cannot tell the amount of milk your baby is getting. Have a look at our assessment tool Is your baby getting enough milk? so that you understand how to tell if your baby is getting enough.
If you have any concerns, contact your midwife or health visitor. Watch this video to understand how to increase your milk supply.
How to hand express your milk
You may need to express your milk by hand if:
- you are separated from your baby
- your baby is sleepy or unable to attach at the breast effectively yet
- your breasts feel too full
- to help clear a blocked milk duct
You can drip expressed milk into your baby’s mouth, or offer larger amounts from a clean teaspoon or cup—allow your baby to lap the milk from the spoon or cup (like a cat) and do not pour the milk into their mouth. If you give expressed milk by bottle, see bottle feeding your baby.
Breastfeeding twins and multiples
Healthy eating and breastfeeding
You do not need to eat or avoid any special foods while breastfeeding, but it is a good idea for you to eat a healthy diet, just like anyone else. It is recommended that all pregnant and breastfeeding women take a daily supplement of 10 mcg of Vitamin D.